red shouldered yokohama
Type: Other Standard Breed - Oriental
Size: Small (4.5 lbs for roosters, 3.5 lbs for hens)
Colors: White and Red Shouldered, Black, Black-Red, Silver Duckwing, Gold Duckwing with yellow skin and orange-red eyes.
Egg Laying: Poor (60-80/year)
Egg Color: Cream
Egg Size: Small
Unique Feature: Long and flowy tails
Cold Hardiness: Average Winter Tolerance
Heat Tolerance: Excellent Heat tolerance
Personality: Very human friendly, curious and docile
This information is taken from multiple sources around the internet.
Background and History
From Japan, to Paris, to Germany, Yokohamas took a twisted route to the western world. The first Yokohamas were actually Minohikis, on display at a public garden in Paris in 1864. They were labeled as Yokohamas because that is the port they were shipped from.
Enthusiastic German fanciers attempted to import more, but after two attempts, only males had survived the arduous journey. The Germans, in an attempt to broaden the gene pool for the breed, began crossing the original Minohiki males with Malaysians, Common Games, Sumatras, and other long tailed poultry. The result was the modern Yokohamas.
No one is quite sure when the first Yokohamas arrived in the United States, but the Red Shoulder Yokohama was virtually unknown here until the 1970s. They were accepted into the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfection in 1981. With their amazingly long tails, they make fantastic exhibition birds.
“Sheer elegance,” there are no better words to describe one’s first impression of the Yokohama chicken: brilliant, pure white with plumage; with red across the shoulders and back, red breast with white flecks in the Red Shouldered variety; long flowing type; long saddle feathers; and sickle feathers dragging the ground. In type they much resemble the Sumatra chicken, but with much longer saddle, sickle and tail feathers. They have a walnut-shaped comb, small or missing wattles, orange red eyes, and yellow legs.
The Yokohama chicken is an alert breed with a game-like appearance.
Officially, the Yokohama chicken is of a small breed, particularly known for its unusually long and elegant tail. This chicken also has an impressive trail of saddle feathers that only serve to add to its overall elegance.
The Yokohama chicken is known for its pea-shaped or walnut-shaped comb, as well as its yellow beak, legs, and feet and orange to red-colored eyes.
The unique red-saddled variety of the Yokohama chicken is additionally known for the red patch that is present on its shoulder. Elegant, with trailing feathers and an impressive tail, this chicken is almost always kept for showing rather than breeding.
The wattles of the Yokohama chicken are often either small or missing. Pure white, with the red-saddled variety, also having redbreasts, both recognized varieties are visually stunning.
Temperament and Disposition
Known as elegant chickens, the Yokohama chickens have been bred for a life of captivity. Because of this, the Yokohama chicken is particularly adept at bearing confinement.
Additionally, this chicken is particularly docile, meaning it will likely not pick fights with any other chicken. Well-suited to heat but not particularly hardy in the cold, these chickens do well to have a well-constructed home.
Because of their docile nature, these chickens make particularly good pets, making them suitable even for small children. Owners report their Yokohama chickens as even being easy to carry around, oftentimes even preferring to be held and cradled above all else.
As with many chicken breeds, Yokohama roosters are known for being more aggressive than their hen counterparts and can still be particularly aggressive when provoked due to their impressive claws.
These chickens are not suited to free-ranging due to their being bred for show. Owners should expect to wrangle them up if allowed to range freely.
Their docile nature makes them mostly either friendly or indifferent to other chickens. However, this same easy-going nature makes them less than adept foragers.
Those looking for a breed of impressive egg-laying chickens will likely be less than impressed with the Yokohama. Bred for elegance and show rather than utility, these chickens produce a paltry 80 eggs a year, with bantams producing around 90.
The eggs produced by the Yokohama are small, weighing from 30 grams for bantams to 40 grams for a typical-sized hen.
Mostly white or cream-colored, these small eggs are not particularly impressive. Those looking for impressive egg-production will likely be disappointed in the Yokohama’s average of about 1 egg per week.
Common Health Issues
No particular health issues.
Because the Yokohama is particularly small, they do not require a lot of space in the chicken coop. It is recommended to provide roosters with a bit more space than hens due to the size of a rooster’s tail.